Studies in Hydrology HM 165

Studies in Hydrology

Type: HM 165
Name: Studies in Hydrology
HM 165 - A product from the GUNT 2E range
Technical Description

  In civil engineering, studies in hydrology are conducted in connection with the design, construction and operation of hydraulic engineering systems and water management functions. These studies focus on topics such as seepage and flow of water in the soil and the use of groundwater resources. 
  HM 165 can be used to study seepage and groundwater flows after precipitation. Variable precipitation density and areas and different groundwater supply and drain possibilities allow a wide variety of experiments.
  HM 165 contains a closed water circuit with storage tank and pump. The core element is a sand-filled, stainless steel experiment tank with inclination adjustment. To study precipitation, a precipitation device is available. The precipitation device consists of two groups of four nozzles. Water can flow in (groundwater) or out (drainage) via two chambers on the side. The experiment tank is separated from the chambers by fine mesh screens. To study the lowering of groundwater, two wells with open seam tubes are available. Water supply and water drain can be opened and closed, thus allowing a wide variety of experimental conditions.
    At the bottom of the experiment tank there are measuring connections to detect groundwater levels, which are displayed on 19 tube manometers. The water supply is controlled by a valve and read on a flow meter. The water drain is determined by a measuring weir.
    The well-structured instructional material sets out the fundamentals and provides a step-by-step guide through the experiments.

Learning Objectives / Experiments

- investigating transient processes
  * effect of rainfall of varying duration on the

  * storage capacity of a soil
- investigating steady processes
  * investigating seepage flow
  * effects of wells on the groundwater level over time


* Precipitation-drain relationship1
* Seepage flows and groundwater flows in soils1
* Supply and drain over a large area

Alternative products
HM 141 -- Hydrographs after Precipitation
HM 145 -- Advanced Hydrological Investigations
HM 167 -- Ground Water Flow
Seepage Flow

[1] investigation of precipitation-discharge relationships, storage capacity of soils, seepage flows and groundwater flows
[2] closed water circuit
[3] inclinable stainless steel experiment tank contains 19 measuring connections to detect groundwater levels, transparent splash guard and screens for separating the chambers

[4] 2 wells with open seam tubes in the experiment tank
[5] precipitation device with 8 nozzles, adjustable
[6] water supplies and drains can be selected individually
[7] transparent measuring tank (flow)
[8] instruments: tube manometers (groundwater), flow meter (supply) and measuring weir in the measuring tank (drain)

Technical Data

Experiment tank
- area: 2x 1m², depth: 0,2m
- max. sand filling: 0,3m³
- inclination adjustment: -2,5...5%
Precipitation device
- 8 nozzles, switchable in 2 groups of 4 nozzles
- flow rate per nozzle: 1...4,7L/min, square spray

- power consumption: 0,55kW
- max. flow rate: 2000L/h
Storage tank, stainless steel: content 180L

Measuring ranges
- 19 tube manometers: 0...300mmWC  
- flow rate (feed): 150...1700L/h
- flow rate (outlet): 0...1700L/h

Dimensions and Weight LxWxH: 2400x1100x1800mm
Empty weight: approx. 310kg Required for Operation 230V, 50/60Hz, 1 phase or 120V, 60Hz/CSA, 1 phase; sand (1...2mm grain size) Scope of Delivery 1 trainer
1 set of instructional material Order Details 070.16500  HM 165  Studies in Hydrology