Stress and Strain Analysis on a Membrane FL 120

Stress and Strain Analysis on a Membrane

Type: FL 120
Name: Stress and Strain Analysis on a Membrane
Categorie:
Technical Description

  In experimental stress and strain analysis, strain gauges are used to determine stresses and strains in components and structures. The maximum stresses and strains are key variables in terms of the structure, and ultimately dictate the design of a component. Strain gauges provide the means required to evaluate mechanical stress and strains.

  The FL 120 experimental unit can be used to measure the deflection and strain of a disc under different pressure loads. For the purpose, a thin disc - also termed a membrane or diaphragm - is clamped into place and subjected to pressure. A cylinder with a hand-operated piston generates pressure in a maintenance-free hydraulic system. This pressure is indicated on a gauge.

  Strains on the surface of the membrane are recorded by strain gauges. The layout of the strain gauges at optimally selected points provides a comprehensive view of the stresses and strains all over the disc. The maximum stresses and strains are calculated, applying the appropriate equations of elasticity.

  The strain gauge measurements are recorded and displayed with the aid of measuring amplifier FL 152. To assist and visualise evaluation of the experiment, the measurement data can be imported into the application software. At the same time, the deflection of the membrane is measured by a dial gauge. The dial gauge can be moved along a cross-arm, enabling measurements to be taken at any radius.

  

Learning Objectives / Experiments

- measurement of radial and hoop strain by strain

  gauges
- measurement of deflection by a dial gauge
- calculation of the stresses and strains from the

  measured strains: radial stress, hoop stress
- determination of the direction of principal stress
- application of Mohr’s Circle to determine the

  principal stresses and strains
- basic principle: measurement of strain using strain

  gauges

Features

* Deflection and strain of a membrane under internal

  pressure1
* Thin disc as membrane1
* Membrane with strain gauge application1
* Determination of radial and hoop stress profiles

  from measured strains

Available accessories
FL 151 -- Multi-Channel Measuring Amplifier
WP 300.09 -- Laboratory Trolley
Alternative products
FL 130 -- Stress and Strain Analysis on a Thin-Walled Cylinder
FL 140 -- Stress and Strain Analysis on a Thick-Walled Cylinder
Specification [1] investigation of the deflection and strain of a thin disc under internal pressure
[2] strain gauge configured as half-bridge
[3] strain gauges measure the radial and hoop strain
[4] dial gauge with scale, adjustable mounting
[5] measurement of deflection possible at any radius
[6] hydraulic cylinder with hydraulic pump to generate pressure
[7] hermetically sealed hydraulic system, maintenance-free
[8] multi-pin connector for measuring amplifier FL 152 provided
  Technical Data Aluminium disc
- outer diameter: d=230mm
- diameter used in experiment: d=200mm
- thickness: 3mm
Strain gauge application
- 8 strain gauges: half-bridges, 350 Ohm
- gauge factor: 2,00 +/-1%
- supply voltage: 10V
Dial gauge
- 0...20mm, graduations: 0,01mm
Pressure gauge
- 0...1bar, accuracy: class 1.0
System pressure: max. 0,6bar
  Dimensions and Weight LxWxH: 700x350x350mm
Weight: approx. 25kg Scope of Delivery 1 experimental unit
1 set of instructional material
Order Details 021.12000  FL 120  Stress and Strain Analysis on
                                a Membrane

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